Greece as a host
Greece, as a crossroad between Asia – Africa and South Eastern Europe, has historically played a significant role in the global supply chains and trade development. Trade was a fundamental aspect of the ancient Greek world and following innovations in transport, local, regional, and international trade exchange existed from Minoan and Mycenaean times in the Bronze Age. The presence of pottery and precious goods such as gold, copper, and ivory, found far from their place of production, attests to the exchange network which existed between Egypt, Asia Minor, the Greek mainland, and islands such as Crete, Cyprus, and the Cyclades. From the 5th century BCE, Athens’ port of Piraeus became the most important trading centre in the Mediterranean and gained a reputation as the place to find any type of goods on the market. In the recent years, Piraeus has become and a gateway of South Eastern Europe for transhipment in the Mediterranean and a significant logistical hub for Central, East and South-East Europe, including the Black Sea region. It is the world’s fastest growing container port and has already attracted major multinational companies for using its infrastructure. It is noticeable, that recently has strategically developed intermodalilty by linking directly the port with the rail network. Greece is also a major player in the international maritime industry, first in European Maritime in terms of number of vessels and moving capacity, and one of the largest worldwide.